One of the most effective ways to treat various fish diseases caused by bacterial infections are with fish antibiotics. When either gram-positive or gram-negative bacteria problems are confirmed, fish antibiotics can be useful to fish tank health. Keep in mind, it's important to determine good bacteria from bad bacteria. Good bacteria is integral as it breaks down dangerous levels of ammonia. Too much ammonia is often caused by fish waste, the introduction of new fish too quickly and bacteria colonies which can reproduce in fish filters. The best way to keep ammonia concentrations "at bay" is to clean tanks regularly with the swapping out of old water with 1/3 new water and the use a good water conditioner.
Sick fish can be a result of four common fish health problems – water quality issues, viral, parasitic or bacterial infections.
Only bacterial infections can be treated by fish antibiotics effectively. Obviously, water quality issues cannot be resolved with antibiotics. Viral and parasitic diseases cannot be treated by antibiotics either. Using the improper or inappropriate treatment for you fish’s illness can be dangerous.
Some bacterial infections which can be treated with fish antibiotics are Fin Rot, Red Pest, some Gill diseases, Chondrococcus, and Dropsy. Fish Mox Forte is often a good choice for the above listed diseases.
Thomas Labs Fish Pen may be more appropriate for Flexibacter infections often found in Koi. Flexibacter diseases can result when water quality is diminished and allowed to fester in warmer waters. Please consult your exotic pet veterinarian before using any kind of antibiotic treatment for your fish.
To find out which type of disease you’re dealing with, you can take your fish to vet. Make sure it’s a veterinarian that specializes in exotic pets. If you can’t find a local "fish vet", trying searching The American Association of Fish Veterinarians to find the nearest one to you.
You can take your fish to the vet the same way you brought the fish home. Use a plastic container that is free of any chemical exposure or a bucket. Fill the plastic container with about 1/3 water, leaving the rest for air. Close the lid so the fish doesn’t jump out. Further, take a sample of your aquarium water in case the vet wishes to test it. If an infection is suspected, a vet can take a culture from the fish and analyze it in order to advise you on the best treatment method for their particular condition.
It is important for fish pet owners to educate themselves on proper dosage. Giving your fish too many fish antibiotics can be fatal to fish and too little antibiotics can be ineffective and cause bacteria resistance, much in the same way it does with humans. Please read the labels on your fish antibiotics and determine proper dosage based on tank size, fish population size and the specific infection you’re looking to treat.
WARNING: While the fish antibiotics distributed by companies such as Thomas Labs are both USP grade quality and FDA registered, they are NOT to be used by humans. Fish antibiotics are sourced from several parts of the world and may not be consistent from one batch to another. Fish antibiotics lack the same quality control measures that human antibiotics do, not to mention the very real and dangerous reality of antibiotic resistance.
Please keep fish antibiotics out of reach of animals and children.